Knee Pain Diagnosis

Knee pain is a very common ailment that is suffered by millions of people across the globe. Knee pain can be caused due to wide range of factors such as an injury, weakness, lack of calcium, old age, etc. Growing age is the most common reason for acquiring knee pain with maximum people above the age of fifty years suffering from pain in the knees and other joints of the body.

So, the next time if you are experiencing pain in your knees, then don’t think that you are the only one who is suffering from this issue. The reason behind this is that, young or old, people are much more active now than ever before. The orthopedic centers are full of people with such an ailment. It is advisable to make a visit to a doctor if you are suffering from pain in the knees. When you go to a doctor with knee pain or knee injury then there a host of methods of Knee Pain Diagnosis. In this article, we have emphasized on the several ways in which knee pain diagnosis is done. Read ahead to find out how!

Knee Pain DiagnosisMedical History

The first thing that your doctor will do is to take your medical history into account. He will ask you a number of questions that pertain to all the events that occurred before the onset of your knee trouble. This may include any accidents if you experienced one. The doctor will also question you if you have had any kind of medical illness such as neurological or muscular disorders. Your family history will also be asked about in case you have had a family history of members with such disorders. Family history is one of the most common reasons for knee pain. One thing that you have to remember is that you have to extremely honest while answering all the questions even if they appear naïve to you.

Physical Exam

Another common method of Knee Pain Diagnosis is physical examination of the knees. Doctors gently feel the knees in order to understand the source of the pain and the extent of the injury. The unsteadiness in the knees can be deciphered easily with physical examination. You should tell the doctor accurately whether you are having a ligament problem or a bone problem.

X- Ray

If physical examination is not enough to get to the exact cause of your knee pain then the doctor will advise you to do an X- ray. This is recommended in any case in order to make sure about the actual condition of the joint. X- ray involves the use of low levels of radiation for recording the images of your bones and joints. This will help in deciphering whether your knee pain is being caused by a bone trouble or not. The bone problems may include osteoporosis (low bone density), fracture, etc.


Ultrasound is preferred for inspecting the bursa. Bursa is the cavity inside the knee and is filled with fluid. This method involves the use of sound waves to get a clear picture of the interior parts of the knee. The ultrasound method is helpful in cases where there is fluid collection inside the knees or when any of the delicate muscles tears.


Magnetic resonance imaging or MRI is a process of using magnetic energy to examine the interiors of the knee. This provides a clearer picture than X- ray as it traps the picture of the soft tissues, ligaments, muscles, etc. This method of knee pain diagnosis is advised by the doctor when it is suspected that there is damage done to the soft tissue in the knee.

Radionuclide Bone Scan

If your previous diagnostic tests show normal results and no negativity then it is likely that you will be suggested to get a bone scan done in order to check for any other problems. An undamaging radioactive matter called technetium is injected into the bloodstream which collects in the injured bone areas, which is then recorded by a scanner.


This is a surgical procedure in which the doctor makes small incisions in the affected knee and inserts an instrument called arthroscope that comprises of magnifying lens and a light which are attached to camera. The camera is connected to a television screen on which the doctors can see the inside portion of the knee.